What is Down Syndrome?
Down syndrome is the most common known cause of intellectual disability. An extra copy of chromosome 21 (trisomy
21) causes it. For some unexplained reason the child has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46. It is the
result of a genetic accident at the time of conception or soon after and not caused by anything the parents
might have done before or during pregnancy.
Down syndrome affects people of all ages and races irrespective of economic levels or culture. It is one
of the most frequently occurring chromosomal anomalies found in humans, occurring approximately once in every
660 births. In Malta it is recorded that, approximately 5 to 7 children with Down syndrome are born each year.
Down syndrome is recognisable at birth because of some typical physical characteristics and later confirmed by
chromosome analysis. People who have Down syndrome do have features in common. Each person is an individual,
with a unique appearance, personality and possibly a different set of abilities. The physical characteristics of
the syndrome are no indication of the child's intellectual ability.
It is NOT a disease and cannot be treated.
In the past, people who have Down syndrome were expected to achieve little. With early help and stimulation
the chances of Down syndrome people enjoying life and reaching their full potential are greatly increased.
How Can I help ?
The Association is a voluntary non governmental organization (V/O 0159), established and run by parents of
persons who have Down syndrome. It relies entirely on voluntary donations to continue with its work. The work of
the Association depends upon the generosity of its members and the general public through donations that help in
meeting the administrative costs and the subsidisation of the services offered. All donations to the Association
are also tax deductible.
€25.00 Life Member
€35.00 Life Member
Parents / Guardians / Carers of children who have Down syndrome and adults who are 16 years of age and over who
have Down syndrome are strongly encouraged to become members. You can also become an Associate Member and thus
help us achieve our aim.
If you would like to become a member, e-mail now to the Secretariat firstname.lastname@example.org or call on telephone
number 21235158. You can also download membership form underneath and send together with cheque to 45, South
Maltese Application Form
English Application Form